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History Of the Charlotte Mint


When the words Gold Rush are spoken, many Americans think of California. However, the first United States gold rush occurred over a century ago between 1800 and 1840 in Cabarrus County, North Carolina. It started with the discovery of a 15 pound yellow stone that 12 year old Conrad Reed dragged home from a day of play alongside the Little Meadow Creek near his family property. The rock, with its shiny yellow appearance, served a useful function in the10.jpgall but forgotten after the Civil war. In 1931, the building nearly fell to the wrecking ball were it not for the women of Charlotte. Mecklenburg County wanted to expand the Post Office next door. Designs were submitted which would have integrated expansion of the Post Office and preservation of the Mint. These efforts were unsuccessful. The Treasury decided to demolish the building, but if anyone wanted to move it they would not object. The Charlotte Woman’s Club raised funds and the original Mint building that appears above, was moved to a new site where it is now used as a Museum. Reed home. It was used as a doorstop for years until a Fayetteville, NC jeweler gave the young man’s father $3.50 for it. News of its existence touched off a stampede of fortune seekers who descended upon North Carolina and the mountains of north Georgia. It was here that they honed their mining skills and established numerous successful mining operations, thereby finding fortune and firmly rooting the nexus of the11.jpgcity of Charlotte. By 1830, mines had become so numerous, that transporting the gold to the Philadelphia US mint was quite a burden. It was decided to establish a separate minting facility in Charlotte. The mines had yielded their gold to the new Mint and the waste product of mining, or tailings, were used to fill the wagon ruts in the road bed leading from the mines to the mint. For this reason, Charlotte is a city where streets truly are “paved with gold”. Most of the miners departed in 1849 upon discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill, California, reducing North Carolina's mining and minting legacy to an orphan of history. Charlotte’s mint lost functionality and was


Type 1 Dollar 1849-1853

Type 2 Dollar 1855

Type 3 Dollar 1857-1859

$2.50 Classic 1838-1839

$2.50 Coronet 1840-1860

$5.00 Classic 1838

$5.00 Coronet 1839-1861